Rare Oral Presentation of a Mycophenolate Mofetil-Related Other Iatrogenic Immunodeficiency-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder (MMF-OIA-LPD) Lesion: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Oral manifestations of side effects of medications, such as methotrexate (MTX) for management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for solid organ transplant (SOT), are very rare. The known side effects included entities called other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (OIIA-LPD) due to immunosuppression caused by these medications. While there has been an increased incidence of oral cavity LPD reported in the literature associated with MTX, oral presentations that involve MMF are rare. This case report will detail a 74-year-old man with scleroderma treated with MMF who developed Epstein-Barr virus + polymorphic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in the right maxillary gingiva presenting as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). His oral presentation was successfully treated with a combination of surgery and MMF dosage reduction with an oral presentation free of disease at six months follow up. This is the first known case report of an oral manifestation of MMF-related OIIA-LPD.