Effect of Dietary Education on Cardiovascular risk Factors in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary education on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
METHOD In this randomized clinical trial, 112 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned into two groups, intervention and control. Dietary education was provided for the intervention group in 4 sessions; anthropometric measurements, serum levels of RF, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and fasting blood sugar were measured before and three months after intervention. Data was analyzed using SPSS software and appropriate statistical tests.
RESULTS The mean of total cholesterol (p<0.001), triglycerides (p = 0.004), LDL (p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.001), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.003), FBS and BMI (p<0.001) were decreased significantly in the intervention group after education compared the control group.
CONCLUSION Traditional care for rheumatoid arthritis patients is not enough. Patients need more education in order to improve their situation.