CASE

Acetabula Osteoid Osteoma Mimicking Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis.

Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor that usually presents between 10 and 35 years of age. The metaphysis and diaphysis of the femur and tibia are the typical locations. The diagnosis is usually straightforward when images reveal a radiolucent nidus surrounded by reactive sclerosis. However, the diagnosis is more difficult when it occurs at atypical locations with nonspecific and misleading appearance on images. OO may mimic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), bone infection, or malignancy. We present a 14-year-old male with a 4-month history of left hip pain. His pain was worse with playing hockey and lacrosse and in the morning and sometimes woke him up at night. His examination was significant for pain with flexion and external rotation of the left hip and for mild limitation of full external rotation. Blood work revealed normal complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein. Left hip X-ray was unremarkable. Left hip MR arthrogram showed marked edema of the medial and posterior walls of the left acetabulum. CT-guided biopsy of the left acetabulum showed unremarkable flow cytometry and chronic inflammatory component raising concern about chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). Bone scan revealed focal increased uptake in the left acetabulum and no additional abnormality. Repeat MRI with intravenous contrast showed a left hip effusion, focal synovial enhancement in the medial left hip, and acetabula edema. The patient failed treatment for presumed JIA and CRMO with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids, methotrexate, and adalimumab. CT scan of the left hip was performed for further evaluation of the bone and showed 11 × 6 mm low attenuation focus with subtle internal nidus in the posteromedial aspect of the acetabular rim, suggestive of intra-articular OO. Radiofrequency ablation was performed with no complications, and the left hip pain improved. The atypical location resulted in delay of diagnosis for 12 months after presentation. We highlight the diagnostic pitfalls observed in atypical OO locations and the difficulties this creates with making the diagnosis. OO mimicking JIA has previously been described. We submit CRMO as another differential diagnosis which may be mimicked and demonstrate the vital role of CT scan in the diagnosis.

as reported in: Abd El Baky H, Thomas RD, Kuechle J, Abdul-Aziz R. Case Rep Rheumatol. 2020:2020:8810735. doi: 10.1155/2020/8810735.